3 edition of Bye-laws, of the Proprietors, of the Locks and Canals, on Merrimack-River. found in the catalog.
Bye-laws, of the Proprietors, of the Locks and Canals, on Merrimack-River.
|Series||Early American imprints -- no. 24715.|
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||14|
In the textile industries, the advent of mechanised weaving looms during the nineteenth century resulted in the addition of north-lit single-storey weaving sheds to many multistorey spinning mills. However, this form of production was not entirely factory-based, many goods still being manufactured on a part-time, domestic basis but normally under the control of an outside entrepreneur as in the case of handloom-weaving or nail-making. It is the task of the industrial archaeologist to use all the sources available to him or her in elucidating these past linkages and decisions. Landscape, like context, is a term that is not easy to define.
Although used in recent times, the strings of small mills recall a different cultural pattern which existed before corn milling became part of the manorial system. Corn was ground, ale was brewed, and shoes and clothing were made, all of which can leave physical traces in the form of corn mills, maltings, breweries, tanneries and workshops. Read the publication Industrial Archaeology Industrial archaeology is defined as the study of the tangible evidence of social, economic and technological development of the period since industrialisation, generally the last years. The cultural resource management of industrial sites in Great Britain will be discussed in Chapter Seven, although some mention is made of the international dimension of the conservation movement in this chapter.
The workforce operated in a space dictated by the circular and transverse silk-throwing and -twisting machines, which were themselves dependent on the power of the great waterwheel. Butts, United States This is equally true of the earlier Derby silk mill, for which the layout of the great circular throwing machines and the power transmission have recently been reconstructed by Calladine Figure 1. The tiny streams of the Outer Hebrides provided power for primitive Norse mills, serving individual farms. Given the availability of documentary evidence, they have felt that the social background is the province of the economic historian, not the industrial archaeologist.
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Improved transport networks supported these extended linkages and in many cases enabled the continuation of manufacturing by outdated or uneconomic methods.
Industrial landscapes can be categorised by the dominant influence which initially shaped them, whether it be, for example, extraction of minerals, manufacture of textiles or food-processing industries.
Asupreme example is Manningham Mill in Bradford Plate 1designed by local architects for Messrs Lister, manufacturers of velvet and other fancy cloths. Similarly, the huge pits for the open-cast mining for coal in Great Britain have often revealed the presence of earlier pillar and stall working as well as medieval shaft mining.
Congress in authorised a National Historic Landmark Theme Study onAmerican labour history, with a view to adding significant sites to of the Locks and Canals already in the care of the National Park Service.
Boulton and Watt in employed Benjamin Wyatt to design their manufactory at Soho, Birmingham, which for a time became the largest of its kind in Europe. The decline in the numbers of Dutch windmills after the First World War led to the foundation by a group of enthusiasts of the Association for the Preservation of Windmills in This migration from the river valleys has in many cases left a fossilised landscape such as that west of Rochdale in Lancashire, where ten mills mostly processing cotton waste once operated along one mile of the Cheesden Brook but are now only evocative ruins Plate 8.
The study of settlement patterns is therefore an essential element in the analysis of the industrial landscape, revealing much about the nature of industrial organisation and the social differentiation it created. Belgium followed Britain in the change to industrial production in the late eighteenth century and had become a major industrial nation one hundred years later.
Of course, environmental factors like the presence of raw materials, the existence of a good waterpower site and the immediate topography all influence the location of a particular structure, but human agency is ultimately responsible both for its existence and for its form. The most efficient water-power installations can be jeopardised by drought, frost or even flood.
Both were charged from above and emptied at the base, and were therefore built against a hillside wherever possible. The economic regeneration of rundown urban areas has also involved rapid surveys to identify historically important structures; for example, in the Urban Development CorporationAreas.
The linkages between the provider of raw material, whether factory-spun yarn or mill-produced bar iron, and the producer of the finished goods need exploration if it is to be understood how the nineteenth-century outworker was usually equally part of a capitalist form of production Palmer a.
Many have echoed John Ruskin in decrying this new transformation of the landscape, yet it is a vital resource in understanding the origins of modern industrial society.
Industrial archaeologists in Europe have also drawn attention to the need to consider the human dimension of past industrial activity. Here, wooden waterwheels, headgear and man-engines vividly recall the techniques of metalliferous mining practised in early modern Europe. The parameters of that period have not been strictly defined, since industrialisation began earlier in some industries than others, but it is probably true to say that industrial archaeology concentrates on the period when the manufacture of goods ceased to be at the level of domestic or craft production and moved into industrial or capitalist production.
It flourished in university adult education and WEA courses, while numerous preservation groups were established to maintain monuments, particularly those containing prime movers such as waterwheels and steam engines. Yet the majority of sites in the industrial period provide structural evidence for the social upheaval and redefinition of the class system which accompanied the process of industrialisation.
The abandoned lengths of canal remain as weed-filled meanders in the present landscape. The authors evaluate the techniques of field survey and documentary research, finally considering the problems and potential of the cultural resource management of the industrial heritage.
The size of the charcoal storage barns at Duddon furnace in Cumbria gives some idea of the scale of exploitation of the adjacent woodlands.
Industrial archaeologists at present, therefore, concentrate on the interpretation of sites, structures and landscapes rather than artefactual material. Most previous studies of the landscape have concerned themselves with patterns of cultivation and settlement over a long period of time.Canals -- Michigan.
See also what's at your library, or elsewhere. Broader terms: Canals; Channels (Hydraulic engineering) -- Michigan; Canals -- United States; Michigan; Narrower. The first two chapters consider industrial landscapes and buildings as the visible symbols of the processes of production in both space and time.
Landscapes are analysed – such as the linear landscapes created by rivers, canals and railways – as well as buildings, in terms of function, typology and context, both topographical and cultural. Proprietors of the Locks and Canals on Merrimack River.
(). Proposals by the Proprietors of the Locks and Canals on Merrimack River for the sale of their mill power and land at Lowell, in the county of Middlesex, in Massachusetts.
MLA Citation. Proprietors of the Locks and Canals on Merrimack River. In this State we have car- ried the canal mania to an extent that will cost us upwards of $20,, actually thrown aicay,\'\z.
in the enlargement of the Erie Canal, in the construction ofthe Chenango, Black River, and Genesee Valley Canals, constructed in sections of the country not adapted to canals, but eminently suited to railroads, and. It was the first important manufacturing town in America, and is still the largest.
The falls of the Merrimack river furnish abundant water-power. There is a dam across the river above the falls, and the water from this basin is brought to the factories, machine-shops, &c., by a canal sixty feet wide.
Author Title Source Library Imprint Place of Pub Edition; A. B. Gloria Britannica, or, the boast of the Brittish seas. Containing, a true and full account of the Royal navy of Eng.